Branchial protein metabolism of freshwater fish Tilapia mossambica (Peters) during acute exposure and acclimation to sublethal alkaline water

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Bhaskar, M.
Vemananda Reddy, G.
Krishna Murthy, V.
Reddanna, P.
Govindappa, S.
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Freshwater fish Tilapia mossambica (Peters) were exposed to sublethal alkaline water (pH 9·0) and the branchial protein metabolism was studied on acute exposure and acclimation. Branchial tissue had elevated structural and soluble protein fractions on acclimation which was correlated towards the gill hypertrophy. Proteolytic activity of the tissue was elevated on both acute exposure and acclimation. A/O ratio which forms a measure of ammonia formed per unit O2 consumption was lesser on acclimation and hence mobilization of tissue free ammonia towards glutamine formation was suggested. The metabolic modulations have been correlated towards the positive survival value of the fish in alkaline waters. © 1982 Indian Academy of Sciences.
A/O ratio, branchial metabolism, glutamine, pH acclimation, soluble proteins, structural proteins
Proceedings: Animal Sciences. v.91(3)